validate a xml file against xsd schema in c#

For various reason we have to use XML file as our data source,  To verify the format of data we can use XSD file, by validate against a XSD file we can check that we get proper formatted data as we required.

In c# there is some very good library for that
in coding u have to call
using System.Xml.Linq;
using System.Xml.Schema;
using System.Xml;

the coding are very simple

first we have to initialize XSD schema

XmlSchemaSet schemas = new XmlSchemaSet(); //intialize schema class
using (FileStream schemastream = File.OpenRead("schemafile.xsd")) //xsd file load
schemas.Add(XmlSchema.Read(schemastream, new ValidationEventHandler(OnValidate)));//create event for schema
schemas.Compile(); //build up the schema

Now we have to take xml file for validating against our initialized schema
XmlDocument doc = new XmlDocument();
doc.Load("xmlfile.xml"); //load xml
doc.Schemas = schemas; // take schema
doc.Validate(OnValidate); // validate schema

doc.Validate(OnValidate) it do the main job in validation.
OnValidate is a method whiche get validation errors in its event and take action,
a user can write that function like below, we want to show the error in list box which named as ErrorList1, so customized function will be .

void OnValidate(object sender, ValidationEventArgs e)
if (e.Message.Contains("''") && e.Message.Contains("MinLength"))
string s = "'";
string[] m = e.Message.Split(s.ToCharArray());
ErrorList1.Items.Add(m[1] + " field is required");
else if(e.Message.Contains("cannot contain text")) {
string s = " ";
string[] m = e.Message.Split(s.ToCharArray());
int i = m.Length;
ErrorList1.Items.Add("unwanted text before "+m[i] + " element");
else if (e.Message.Contains("''")) { }
catch (Exception v) { ErrorList1.Items.Add("Error in validation"); }

. In ValidationEventArgs e provide the error message. by using the event value we can get error type and error position, some of the displayed there.

Another tips, if u want to write the xml instead of loading u have to just write
doc.LoadXml(TextBox1.Text); instead of doc.Load("xmlfile.xml")

hope that much will help some

About kishor datta gupta

Graduate Research Assistant at University of Memphis Software Engineer at Silicon Orchard LTD. Former Research Assistant at Lamar University Former Software Engineer at Samsung R&D Institute Bangladesh Studies Ph.D. Computer Science at University of Memphis Studied Masters of Science in Computer Sciences at Lamar University Studied BSC in CSE at Khulna University of Engineering and Technology Studied HSC (completed) at Chittagang college 04-06 Studied High school at ST. Placid's High School'04 Studied Junior Secondary School at Saint Mary's School Lives in Memphis, Tennessee
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